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Geographical status Wiernsheim, in the historic Heckengäu territory.

The text hereunder provides information concerning the territory and landscape, the terrain and the climate in Wiernsheim.

The Wiernsheim town settlement has spread well over the middle of a constantly plane and wide basin, surrounded by a ring of hills. The westerly section is constituted by woods. The remaining sections feature fields and slopes, sometimes crisscrossed with stone fences and hedgerows. We are located in the Schlehen and Heckengäu territories. The Wiernsheim basin is formed by the converging of four valleys.

The somewhat narrow Raisersgrund valley finds its way in from the south. The Stubengrund valley is straight and long, with a road leading upstream in the direction of Wurmberg. Two widely-spaced valley formations instead push in from the Hochberg located to the west and, together with the out-jutting section of the basin surface, constitute the north-westerly breadth of the basin, with plenty left over to the right of the Iptinger main road. The Wiernsheim basin formation dates back to a time in which the shell limestone surface karst-formation had not yet reached the present day entities.

Wiernsheim is also actually the source of the Glattbach river valley, which flows into the Kreuzbach river just downstream of Großglattbach. The Glattbach flows out from the town of Wiernsheim as a small stream, first in north-westerly direction and then northwards, along a rather low-banked bed. In times of drought, it dwindles down considerably. An intermittent spring is located in the central town sector, covering the local water supply requirements. A stronger intermittent spring having the capacity of keeping the Glattbach alive and flowing is instead located shortly upstream of Großglattbach.
Wiernsheim, as well as Pinache and Serres, form a section of the “Platte” platform, the name of which may have derived from the layout of the land, or from the “Blad” woodland section along the Enkertsrain ridge.


The land acreage within the Wiernsheim municipality boundaries is fertile, as it is mostly composed of loam combined with shell limestone residues. The underlayer of the Wiernsheimer municipality boundaries is instead constituted by a superior grade of shell limestone, resulting from Germanic shell limestone deposit formations in a flat epicontinental sea, at no deeper than 150 m. The shell limestone layers in our area reach a thickness of 22 m.

The basin that Wiernsheim is settled upon features a loess loam encrustation, making it considerably fertile. Elevations reaching above the basin surface are characterised by a narrow layer of corrugated limestone, followed by the top shell limestone layer. Wiernsheim is unfortunately not blessed with a water-retaining substrate in sandstone and charcoal stained clay. This causes Wiernsheim to have water deficiencies, owing to the fact that the karstified shell limestone allows the water folds to drain away.

For the conversion of the land dimensions expressed in morgens and rods into hectares and acres, in 1875 the Wiernsheim municipality marking boundaries were stated in 2853 5/8 morgens, 25.4 rods, or 899 ha 40 a 98 m².


Wiernsheim is protected from wind gusts blowing in southwards and westwards as well as eastwards and northwards thanks to the upward sloping rises it is surrounded by. The northward slopes are somewhat lower than the others. The climate in Wiernsheim can thus be considered as mild. Wiernsheim is also wonderful for fruit-growing. Before the turn of the century, wine-making vineyards were also present in the area, but the grape varieties and cultivar traditions were however not passed down. The climate in Wiernsheim is naturally rougher compared to that of the Enztal district, which lies at an altitude of 150 m less. Hail occurs rarely, although sometimes spring frosts and icy fogs may wield some damage.

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